As a person ages, hereditary and environmental effects on the skin become more apparent. Wrinkles, altered pigmentation and loss of skin tone are all associated with skin aging. Lines and creases become more prominent due to the relaxation and deterioration of elastin fibers that provide the skins elastic properties.
BIO‑OIL & AGING SKIN
Bio‑Oil contains numerous ingredients that help to plasticize the skin, making it softer and smoother thereby improving the appearance of aging and wrinkled skin. Vitamin E is scientifically proven to have a number of benefits to the skin, particularly helping to reduce the prevalence of free radicals which attack healthy cells and cause skin damage and premature aging. Vitamin A provides elasticity to the skin. Bio‑Oil also hydrates the skin, locking in lasting moisture which improves the texture and tone of fine lines and wrinkles.
With regular application, Bio‑Oil helps to improve the appearance of uneven skin tone occurring from sun exposure and hormonal changes as a person ages. This is due to the synergistic effect of the ingredients Bio-Oil, specifically Vitamins A and E and bisabolol, which have inhibiting effects on melanin production.
CAUSES OF AGING SKIN
Intrinsic aging occurs chronologically as the body’s processes slow down and skin cells are not replaced as rapidly as they once were. Reduction in the rate at which new collagen and elastin are produced causes wrinkles and lines to appear more defined. A thinning of the epidermis also causes a loss of barrier properties, further contributing to dehydration and increasing the visible signs of aging.
Extrinsic aging is largely a result of skin damage from environmental factors, particularly UV radiation which decreases the skin’s elasticity and increases the incidence of free radicals which damage healthy cells. UV radiation also adversely affects pigment production activity as well as the skin’s immune system, leading to premature wrinkling an other more serious skin concerns. Regular exposure to harsh climatic elements can be a factor in promoting extrinsic aging of the skin, as can lifestyle factors such as smoking and stress.
While both intrinsic and extrinsic factors influence the skin’s structure and function, the latter cause more pronounced changes. Estimates state that as much as 80% of visible aging on the skin is the result of exposure to daylight, or ‘photoaging’. Manifestations of photoaging include an increase in wrinkle formation, a loss of tension and elasticity, degeneration of vascular supply, hyperpigmentation and a reduction in the water-binding properties of the skin.
ACHIEVING HEALTHY, YOUTHFUL SKIN
While it is not possible to alter the intrinsic aging process, it’s possible to prevent signs of premature aging by protecting skin from the sun, and other lifestyle factors.
Sun Protection. Comprehensive sun protection is recommended to prevent premature aging caused by exposure to UV radiation. It is advised to avoid deliberate tanning, including use of indoor tanning devices. Broad spectrum sunscreen with SPF of 30 or higher should be applied to protect the skin.
Moisturizing. Applying a moisturizer daily helps to lock in moisture to the skin, improving its overall function which results in healthier, younger-looking skin.
Cleansing. Harsh cleansing can irritate the skin which can accelerate skin aging. Gentle cleansing helps to remove pollution and makeup without irritation.
Diet. A balanced diet that is rich in fresh fruits and vegetables may help prevent damage that leads to premature skin aging. Antioxidants found in these, such as; vitamin A, C and E. are particularly important for healthy skin. Conversely, studies suggest that a diet high in refined carbohydrates can accelerate aging.
Exercise. Regular exercise improves circulation and boosts the immune system which in turn, gives the skin a more youthful appearance. Exercise also tones muscles which helps to keep the skin taut and supple.
Alcohol. Alcohol is rough on the skin. It is dehydrating, and in time, damages the skin. This can make skin appear older.
Smoking. Cigarette smoking causes biochemical changes in the body that accelerate aging. As well as several other detrimental effects on overall health, smoking causes wrinkling of the skin and can result in an unhealthy, yellowish hue to the complexion.