Though scars can be treated, no product exists that can make them disappear completely. Topical treatment using gels, creams and oils are the most cost-effective and least invasive means of improving the appearance of scars. For instances of severe scarring, where topical treatment such as Bio-Oil is not enough, there are a number of further options available to improve a scar’s appearance:
Dermabrasion involves controlled surgical scraping to remove the top layers of the skin. It may be used to minimize minor skin surface irregularities, surgical scars, and acne scars. As the skin heals from the procedure, the surface appears smooth and fresh improving the appearance of scars. Microdermabrasion is a mild, less invasive form of cosmetic dermabrasion.
Collagen and other soft tissue fillers are used to elevate atrophic scars, while steroid injections can flatten and soften hypertrophic scars.
Laser therapy can be performed in one of two ways: Cosmetic lasers can be used to resurface problem scars by removing the skin’s surface or lasers can be used to work on the collagen in the dermis without removing any surface layers. Like all surgical revision, these procedures are complex and as a course of repeated treatment is usually required.
Punch grafts are small skin grafts that are used to replace scarred skin. A hole is punched in the skin to remove the scar, which is then replaced with unscarred skin from another area of the body. Punch grafts can help treat deep atrophic scars.